[box type=”info”]本文摘录转载自：《When: The Scientific Secrets of Perfect Timing？》，发布者：狗熊有话说。[/box]
As Miles Davis once said, “Time isn’t the main thing. It’s the only thing.”
twitter research：There’s a general feeling of positivity that peaks during the morning, drops swiftly in the afternoon and then climbs back up in the evening. This cycle happens every weekday, to pretty much everyone, regardless of race or nationality.
This daily pattern is known as the morning peak, afternoon trough and evening rebound.
Studies show that, on average, one in every four people has a differing internal clock, or what’s known as a chronotype. I
Research suggests that 20 to 25 percent of people are owls, who, like inventor Thomas Edison and novelist Gustave Flaubert, peak around 9:00 p.m., which is when they prefer to get down to business, and tend to experience their positive rebound in the morning.
if you’re among the 60 to 80 percent of people who are neither larks nor owls (a group the author calls the “third bird”), then the morning peak is the best time to handle analytical tasks that require a logical, focused and disciplined mind. As for tasks that require more abstract or “outside the box” thinking, this is best handled during the rebound of the late afternoon and early evening.
No matter who you are, try to schedule the mindless, busy-work tasks during the afternoon trough.
in the afternoon, hospital staff wash their hands 38-percent less often than they’re supposed to.
on average, the ideal break for maximum productivity would be to take 17 minutes off for every 52 minutes of work.
Taken together, these findings indicate that the ideal break would be to leave your phone behind and join a friend on a short walk outdoors, perhaps through a park.
The perfect nap is anywhere from 10- to 20-minutes long, a period of time shown to provide the napper with three hours of improved focus and a higher capacity for retaining information.
Known as the napuccino, this involves drinking your coffee, setting your timer for 20 minutes, which takes into account the average 7 minutes it takes to fall asleep, and then waking up ready to take on the world.
First of all, be sure to establish a shared vision about the goals of the project.
Don’t start assigning new roles and introducing new ideas. Instead, reassert the established roles, remind people what it was all about and ignite the spark that will get people moving.
One phenomenon stemming from our emphasis on endings is that 9-enders – a name for people aged 29, 39, 49 and so on – tend to be more inclined to do extreme things, like run a marathon for the first time, start an affair or commit suicide.
Knowing this, we can take steps to make our endings more satisfying.
And not only happy – but poignant. Poignancy is that bittersweet happiness that is shaded by sadness, an emotion that seems to capture the essence of the human condition. Pixar, with movies like the tear-jerker Up, is a poignancy pro.
So people overemphasize the importance of endings, and they usually display extreme behavior near the end. This tendency is almost as predictable as our desire for endings to be happy.
Such letters bridge the gap between past and present, which is one of the best ways to achieve poignancy in your own life.
The real reward, the real feeling of satisfaction, comes when your current self feels close to your past and future selves.
Time is a slippery word and an even slipperier concept. We can easily get lost in time, but our experience greatly improves when we start to take control and better understand how our past, present and future all relate to each other.
There’s a science to timing and how to get the most out of life. By understanding your own chronotype, taking breaks and naps, leveraging the power of the middle point in projects and writing your future self letters, you can use time to your advantage.
So drink some water first, to hydrate and help control hunger, and have your first cup of coffee 60 to 90 minutes after waking up. You’ll get the most benefit that way.